Payments for Environmental Services: An equitable approach for reducing poverty and conserving nature



Type of Document:
Research Report


World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)

Date of Publication:

Place of Publication:
Gland, Switzerland


WWF’s approach of equitable PES, which it is developing and implementing with partners including CARE and IIED, aims to address the constraints to poverty alleviation by finding a balance between conservation and development outcomes; by delivering conservation of biodiversity with significant benefits to the poor; and by doing so in a just and equitable way.

Table of Contents:

1. Introduction 2. Common approaches to PES 2.1 Overview of current PES schemes and players 2.2 Limitations to traditional PES schemes 3.WWF’s approach: equitable PES 3.1 How does equitable PES differ from other approaches? 3.2 The importance of partnerships 3.3 Magnifying the views and interests of traditionally marginalized populations 3.4 Equitable PES as one conservation finance mechanism 4. Examples of equitable PES projects 4.1 Equitable Payments for Watershed Services: A joint WWF, CARE, and IIED project 4.2 Fostering PES: a WWF Macroeconomics for Sustainable Development Programme initiative Case studies: Project site 1: Guatemala Project site 2: Peru Project site 3: The Philippines Project site 4: Tanzania Project site 5: Indonesia Project site 6: Eastern Europe 5. Conclusions and recommendations 6. References 7. List of acronyms

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