Development of a reversed-phased high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) procedure for the Simultaneous determination of phenolic compounds in peanut skin extracts
M.L.d.L. Francisco; A.V.A. Resurreccion
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Abstract: A reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) procedure was developed for simultaneous determination of five phenolic acids, two stilbenes and eight flavonoids in peanut skin extract. A C18 column fitted with diode array detection at 250 and 320, 280 and 370, and 306 nm for phenolic acids, flavonoids and stilbenes, respectively, with mobile phase consisting of 0.1% formic acid in water and 0.1% formic acid in 100% acetonitrile. Phenolic compounds were eluted with good resolution (Rs >1.5) within 95 min as follows: gallic, protocatechuic, epigallocatechin, catechin, ?-resorcylic (internal standard), caffeic, procyanidin B2, epicatechin, epigallocatechin gallate, p-coumaric, ferulic, piceid, epicatechin gallate, catechin gallate, resveratrol and quercetin. The variation in recovery and reproducibility in peak area was <11 and <2.5%, respectively. The correlation coefficients, r, of calibration curves of the 15 compounds were >0.999. The method was used to quantify phenolic compounds in peanut skin extracts from Runner, Virginia and Spanish peanuts.