Domestic Economy, Gender Relations and Community Participation: Potential and Limitation of Productive Strategies for the Sustainable Development of the Alambi Micro-Region
Iowa State University
Sara Baez; Martha Ordonez; Fernando Larrea
In the analysis of production and reproduction strategies within the rural family unit, the role of women often remains invisible. In many cases, their contributions to the subsistence economy have been recognized. These contributions include production for home consumption, activities preparatory to planting and after harvest, storage tasks, etc. Additionally, women are not typically taken into account in the transfer of technology, training, the distribution of resources (tools, inputs, money) destined to improve production, nor the differential participation of men, women, and youth are not referenced. Using gender as a point of entry, this project will try to better understand the logic of internal family organization and of production strategies, to recognize the different kinds of participation and the different responsibilities of men and women, and the value assigned to their respective contributions in the management of resources.
1. Establish a typology of peasant family economies in terms of differential access to resources and the management forms applied to resources and production subsystems, taking into account sustainability indicators 2. Analyze the different productive strategies identified in terms of: I) interrelations among different productive activities engaged in by each family, 2) labor distribution, 3) existing gender roles, 4) variable significance of non-market social relations, and 5) socio-cultural factors conditioning the sustainability of productive systems 3. Identify cultural elements present in production strategies used by families in the zone which have facilitated the formationof collective identities and the composition of communities as territorial and organizational entities. 4. Recognize the specific tendencies and implications of the various farm family economic strategies for the use of natural resources and the possibilities that these strategies offer for the adopting of changes in order to develop sustainable agriculture and livestock raising practices.