Farming Systems Interactions in the Landscape/Lifescape of the Manupali Watershed in Lantapan, Bukidnon, Philippines


Project Code:

Start Date:
February 1995

End Date:
July 1997

CRSP Phase:
Phase 1

Not Available



Lead University:

Other Partners:
Central Mindanao University Philippines, University of the Philippines at Los Banos (Philippines); Asian Maize Program (Thailand), Central Mindanao University Philippines, University of the Philippines at Los Banos (Philippines); Asian Maize Program (Thailand)

Principal Investigator(s):
Angelo R. Josue; Diosdado Carandang

Co-Principal Investigator(s):


This project focused on identifying major problems of farming systems of marginal farmers in the Manupali watershed, particularly in the corn agroecosystem or “kamaisan.” The project is designed to develop, in collaboration with the farmers, sustainable cropping system options which they can adopt. This project used the participatory, interdisciplinary approach that involves the participation of farmers and interdisciplinary experts and the on-farm experimentation of alternative farming



1. Identify the existing farming systems (EFS) in the "kamaisan" agro-ecological zone of the Manupali watershed. 2. Describe farm household characteristics, farm resources, com production practices (including material inputs for corn production), labor utilization, and marketing practices. Assist in training and information needs of com farmers. Identify farm household objectives, problems and constraints in com production. e the adoption of alternative cropping systems. 3. Identify problematic interactions in the cornbased farming systems. 4. Develop, together with farmers, solutions to identified problems in the form of sustainable alternative cropping systems to sustain com productivity in the "kamaisan." More specifically, work with farmers to identify alternative sustainable com-based cropping systems to overcome problems in the "kamaisan" and to conduct the on-farm testing of such alternatives. Assess the economic feasibility and ecological soundness of alternative cropping systems. 5. Promote and disseminate the most promising sustainable alternative com-based, multi-location, on-farm demonstration trials from larger experimental plots. Conduct training of farmers, agricultural technicians, and key leaders in the "kamaisan" to facilitate the adoption of alternative cropping systems. 6. Develop support communication for the alternative cropping systems through traditional and indigenous media approaches involving farmers and other household members. Recommend policy options to the local government to promote and accelerate the adoption of alternative cropping systems.


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