Forest Area Rationalization in Indonesia: A Study on The Forest Resource Condition and Policy Reform


H. Santoso

Type of Document:
Research Report


World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF)

Date of Publication:

Place of Publication:
Bogor, Indonesia


Summary: Aside of the change which occurred in the use of different data sources, forest area in Indonesia is basically susceptible to changes following the process of spatial management and regional autonomy at this moment. Looking at empirical fact, there are at least two driving factors which can cause change in Indonesia’s forest area, i.e. juridical factor and dynamic factor. The phenomena of susceptibility of Indonesia’s forest area to change mentioned above, gives an indication about many limitations to the claim of state control of the forest area in Indonesia. Thus, the implementation of this study concerning forest area rationalization is quite reasonable.

In relation to that, the World Bank (by consultation with several parties including ICRAF) has initiated a preliminary study about forest area rationalization in Indonesia. The result of this study will be used as country strategy for the World Bank to give input for the policy of Indonesian Government in arrangement and management of forest area. In the framework of giving contribution of idea concerning the topic of the study, the author prepares this paper as one of contributors from several members of the study team, each with different focus of study. Partly based on the knowledge and experience of the author, the material and opinions presented in this paper are also supported by the results of field visits (in Lampung province), intensive discussion with several related parties such as experts, government officials, NGO, international institution, as well as the result of discussion in multi-stakeholder workshop.

Table of Contents:

Introduction The progresss of data of forest area in Indonesia: Legal basis, policy and problems – Forest Land use and Solidification Plan (RPPH)/Forest Land use by Consensus (TGHK) – Provincial Spatial Plan (RTRWP) – Synchronization of TGHK and RTRWP – Designation of Forest Area and Ocean Conservation Area The Progress of forest cover area data in Indonesia – Statistics of Indonesia s Forest Resources – Recalculation of Forest Resources – Master Plan of Land and Forest Rehabilitation Reason for the Government to manage forest area – Judicial Aspect – Environmental Aspects – Social Economic Aspects Justification for rationalization of forest areas based on land coverage and forest area data – Land Coverage in Forest Areas – The Results of Overlaying of Forest Cover Map with Forest Area Designation Map: Cases of Lampung, West Kalimantan and East Kalimantan Provinces

– Potential Forest Areas Worthy of Being Maintained – Potential Forest Areas Whose Management Can be Surrendered to the Community Justification of implementation scenario and policy reform – Implementation Scenario for Rationalization of Forest Areas – Solidification of Forest Areas: Current Policy, Conditions and Problems, Policy Reform and Implication

– Change of Status and Function of Forest Area: Current Policy, Condition and Problems, Policy Reform and Implication

Additional Bibliographic Information

RUPES Working Papers

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