Impact of peanuts and tree nuts on body weight and health weight loss

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RD Mattes; PM Kris-Etherton; GD Foster

Type of Document:
Scholarly Article


Journal of Nutrition

Date of Publication:

Place of Publication:
Not Available


Abstract: Nuts (ground and tree) are rich sources of multiple nutrients and their consumption is associated with health benefits, including reduced cardiovascular disease risk. This has prompted recommendations to increase their consumption. However, they are also high in fat (albeit largely unsaturated) and are energy dense. The associations between these properties, positive energy balance, and body weight raise questions about such recommendations. This issue is addressed through a review of the literature pertaining to the association between nut consumption and energy balance. Epidemiological studies document an inverse association between the frequency of nut consumption and BMI. Clinical trials reveal little or no weight change with inclusion of various types of nuts in the diet over 1

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