Life Cycle Assessment of Chinese Shrimp Farming Systems Targeted for Export and Domestic Sales

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Ling Cao; James S. Diana; Gregory A. Keoleian; Qiuming Lai

Type of Document:
Scholarly Article


Environmental Science & Technology

Date of Publication:

Place of Publication:
Not Available


Abstract: We conducted surveys of six hatcheries and 18 farms for data inputs to complete a cradleto- farm-gate life cycle assessment (LCA) to evaluate the environmental performance for intensive (for export markets in Chicago) and semi-intensive (for domestic markets in Shanghai) shrimp farming systems in Hainan Province, China. The relative contribution to overall environmental performance of processing and distribution to final markets

were also evaluated from a cradle-to-destination-port perspective. Environmental impact categories included global warming, acidification, eutrophication, cumulative energy use, and biotic resource use. Our results indicated that intensive farming had significantly higher environmental impacts per unit production than semi-intensive farming in all impact categories. The grow-out stage contributed between 96.4% and 99.6% of the cradle-to-farmgate impacts. These impacts were mainly caused by feed production, electricity use, and farm-level effluents. By averaging over intensive (15%) and semi-intensive (85%) farming

systems, 1 metric ton (t) live-weight of shrimp production in China required 38.3

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