Food Security

Almost one billion people suffer from chronic hunger worldwide. Each year, it is estimated that more than 3.5 million children die from undernutrition. Alleviating these conditions makes the achievement of food security a primary goal of agricultural development. The elements of food security are three: availability, access, and utilization. Feed the Future Innovation Labs for Collaborative Research and CRSP research have supported each of these components by harnessing science to increase agricultural output and get it into market systems (availability); by increasing the incomes of producers’ and others living in rural areas to enhance their purchasing power (access), and by studying the process by which food is used by people once it is consumed (utilization).

The Innovation Lab and CRSP portfolio has changed over time as the emphasis of agricultural development programming also shifted. Since 1977, when Title XII of the International Development and Food Assistance Act of 1975 authorized the creation of the CRSPs, the central theme of their work has been to achieve global food security by conducting relevant research and by helping to transfer technologies to advance the productivity frontier. This was reaffirmed with the reauthorization of Title XII in October 2000 to enable long-term university research in support of “food security, human health, agricultural growth, trade expansion, and the wise and sustainable use of natural resources.”

Among the Innovation Labs’ and CRSPs’ many accomplishments helping to achieve great food security include increasing the yields of major plant crops in developing countries, including sorghum, millet, beans, cowpeas, and peanuts as well as livestock including both small and large ruminants and of fish.   In addition to the breeding of more nutritious foods, efforts to fight malnutrition have included studies of the impact of animal source proteins on the cognitive development of small children, the role of improved nutrition on HIV+ patients, and how aflatoxin contamination contributes to the stunting of children.

Resources

Title XII Report to Congress Fiscal Year 2004: Strengthening Agricultural Capabilities

This report summarizes the implementation of Title XII of the Foreign Assistance Act, the Famine Prevention and Freedom from Hunger Improvement Act of 2000, by the […]

  • Date of Publication: April 2006
  • Author(s): United States Agency for International Development / Board for International Food and Agricultural Development (BIFAD)
  • Type of Document: Annual Report

Database:

Title XII Report to Congress Fiscal Year 2003: Mobilizing Science and Technology for Smallholders

This report provides an opportunity to communicate the many accomplishments of USAID and our public and private partners during FY 2003, as well as to reflect […]

  • Date of Publication: 2004
  • Author(s): United States Agency for International Development / Board for International Food and Agricultural Development (BIFAD)
  • Type of Document: Annual Report

CRSP:

Database:

Rapport de la reunion INTSORMIL

Description: Le mercredi 25 septembre 2013 s’est tenue la re union sur les possibilites de mise en oeuvre des projets collaboratifs avec les partenaires americains. La […]

  • Date of Publication: 9/25/2013
  • Author(s): Adam Mamadou; Salami Issoufou
  • Type of Document: Project Document

Feed the Future Innovation Labs for Collaborative Research Country Profile: Senegal

The Feed the Future Innovation Labs for Collaborative Research are active in all 19 Feed the Future countries. They are advancing the productivity frontier, expanding markets […]

  • Date of Publication: September 2013
  • Author(s): The CRSP Digest Project
  • Type of Document: Impact/Success Story

CRSP:

Database:

Feed the Future Innovation Labs for Collaborative Research Country Profile: Tajikistan

The Feed the Future Innovation Labs for Collaborative Research are active in all 19 Feed the Future countries. They are advancing the productivity frontier, expanding markets […]

  • Date of Publication: September 2013
  • Author(s): The CRSP Digest Project
  • Type of Document: Impact/Success Story

CRSP:

Database:

Feed the Future Innovation Labs for Collaborative Research Country Profile: Bangladesh

The Feed the Future Innovation Labs for Collaborative Research are active in all 19 Feed the Future countries. They are advancing the productivity frontier, expanding markets […]

  • Date of Publication: September 2013
  • Author(s): The CRSP Digest Project
  • Type of Document: Impact/Success Story

CRSP:

Database:

Feed the Future Innovation Labs for Collaborative Research Country Profile: Tanzania

The Feed the Future Innovation Labs for Collaborative Research are active in all 19 Feed the Future countries. They are advancing the productivity frontier, expanding markets […]

  • Date of Publication: September 2013
  • Author(s): The CRSP Digest Project
  • Type of Document: Impact/Success Story

CRSP:

Database:

Feed the Future Innovation Labs for Collaborative Research Country Profile: Cambodia

The Feed the Future Innovation Labs for Collaborative Research are active in all 19 Feed the Future countries. They are advancing the productivity frontier, expanding markets […]

  • Date of Publication: September 2013
  • Author(s): The CRSP Digest Project
  • Type of Document: Impact/Success Story

CRSP:

Database:

Feed the Future Innovation Labs for Collaborative Research Country Profile: Uganda

The Feed the Future Innovation Labs for Collaborative Research are active in all 19 Feed the Future countries. They are advancing the productivity frontier, expanding markets […]

  • Date of Publication: September 2013
  • Author(s): The CRSP Digest Project
  • Type of Document: Impact/Success Story

CRSP:

Database:

Feed the Future Innovation Labs for Collaborative Research Country Profile: Ethiopia

The Feed the Future Innovation Labs for Collaborative Research are active in all 19 Feed the Future countries. They are advancing the productivity frontier, expanding markets […]

  • Date of Publication: September 2013
  • Author(s): The CRSP Digest Project
  • Type of Document: Impact/Success Story

CRSP:

Database: