Chemical and physical properties of shrimp pond bottom soils in Ecuador


Stanislaus Sonnenholzner; Claude E. Boyd

Type of Document:
Scholarly Article


Journal of the World Aquaculture Society

Date of Publication:

Place of Publication:
Not Available


Abstract: Chemical and physical analyses were conducted on bottom soil samples from 74 brackishwater

ponds representing 40 shrimp farms in Ecuador. Most ponds had soils with pH > 6 and total carbon concentrations < 2.5%. Carbon was mostly in organic form, for the average concentration of carbonate carbon was 0.06%. The C : N ratio was 8 to 10 in soils with < 2.5% carbon. In ponds built in former mangrove areas, soil carbon was > 2.5% and C : N ratios

were 25 to 30. Ponds soils in former mangrove areas also tended to be high in total sulfur and low in pH. Lack of correlation between carbon and sulfur in mangrove soils suggested that most of the sulfur was inorganic and presumably in sulfides. Soils containing above 0.4% free carbonate (as equivalent CaCO3) had pH values > 7. Although carbonate concentration was a major factor controlling soil pH, calcium hardness of pond waters was strongly influenced by salinity (and calcium) in the water supply. Total phosphorus concentrations averaged 898 mg/kg, and dilute acid extractable phosphorus usually accounted for 25

Additional Bibliographic Information

Sonnenholzner, S. and C. E. Boyd, 2000. Chemical and physical properties of shrimp pond bottom soils in Ecuador. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society, 31:358–375.

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