Economic and Socioeconomic Impact Assessment of IPM and of Non-traditional Crop Production Strategies on Small Farm Households in Guatemala
Phase 1; Phase 2
University of Denver
Estudio 1360, ICADA (Guatemala)
Phase 1:Linda Asturias de Barrios, Brenda Teval, Dr. Glenn H. Sullivan, Flor Mencos, Monica Berger, Hugo Alfaro, Cecilia Skinner-Kloe Phase 2: S. Hamilton (University of Denver); L. Asturias de Barrios, L. M. Mazariegos (Estudio 1360); G.E. Sanchez (ICADA)
Farmers have been producing targeted crops for twenty years in the research communities. Their willingness to invest labor and other resources in IPM is tied to their perceptions of the economic and social benefits of NTAE production and to non-sustainable production constraints. This research addressed social and economic constraints to the adoption and production of targeted crops and to the adoption of IPM.
1. To measure the impact of targeted-crop and IPM adoption on economic and social welfare at the individual, household, and community levels. 2. To identify economic and social constraints to adoption and sustainable production of targeted crops, and to growth in productivity and income of producers. 3. To identify economic and social constraints to adoption of IPM. 4. To explore dynamics of supply and demand in rural financing, identified as a primary production constraint by farmers.
This continuing research contributes to an understanding of the long-term economic and social impacts of NTAE production for farmers with very small amounts of land--and the impacts of targeting of IPM CRSP investment to nontraditional export crops in this sector. Results of the socioeconomic surveys in Chimaltenango (reported in 2001-2002) and Sacatepequez (reported in 2000-2001) indicated that such targeting is appropriate for goals of increasing income for poor farmers. Quantitative assessments of socioeconomic benefits in NTAE producer households provided documentation needed for strengthening the policy and program commitments from both public and private sector collaborators. These findings contributed to public sector determinations in providing nearly $1 million USD to support the development of the first grower-based supply consolidation and pre-inspection center in the NTAE sector.