LDRCT : Livestock Development and Rangeland Conservation Tools for Central Asia
Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
University of California - Davis
EROS Data Center USGS, South Dakota State University, University of California, Davis Department of Agronomy & Range Science, USDA-ARS Forage and Range Research Laboratory, Utah State University Dept. of Forest, Range and Wildlife Sciences (US); Academy of Sciences of Turkmenistan,National Institute of Deserts, Flora, and Fauna (Turkmenistan); A c a d e m y o f S c i e n c e s o f U z b e k i s t a n,Central Asia Regional Office - ICARDA, Karakul Sheep Research Institute, Uzbek Livestock Research Institute, Uzbek Sericulture Research Institute, Uzbek Research Institute of Market Reforms Ministry of Agriculture (Uzbekistan); Barayev Research Institute of Grain Farming, Central Asian Regional Environmental Center, Ministry of Science-Academy of Science RK, National Federation of Private Farmers of Kazakhstan, Research Institute of Feed Production and Pastures, Research Technological Institute of Sheep Breeding (Kazakhstan); CIRAD Montpellier (France); International Centre for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas (ICARDA) (Syria); New Ya'ar Research Center Agricultural Research Organization (ARO) (Israel)
Research from LDRCT focused on: continuous collection and analyses of CO2 flux data from Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan; determination of the effects of land use on carbon flux in northern Kazakhstan; continuation of intensive monitoring and modeling of agricultural enterprises; establishment of a forage laboratory in Samarkand and study of rangeland forages and livestock diets; and completion of bio-economic simulation model of range-based sheep producers for Kazakhstan. Project results and conclusions will be published in book form through the GL-CRSP 3G Project in Summer 2008.
The GIS tool and information distributed will support and facilitate decision-making and development policies. The integrated activities in the carbon-flux module will contribute significantly to the assessment of rangelands as globally important carbon reservoirs and active sequestration agents. The animal production module will contribute to the long-term sustainable production of livestock in Central Asia. The project is producing data essential for an improved match between animal genotype and environmental resources in Central Asia. The planning and analysis tools that will be developed will assist policy makers in Central Asia to address the grave environmental problems of livestock production on Central Asian rangelands.