Management of the Weed Parthenium (Parthenium hysterophorus L.) in Eastern and Southern Africa Using Integrated Cultural and Biological Measures
Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research - Plant Protection, Haramaya University (Ethiopia); Research Institute-South Africa (South Africa); Plant Protection Research Institute-Queensland- Australia (Australia)
Lulseged Gebrehiwot; Lorraine Strathie; Andrew McConnachie; Steve Atkins; Arnie Witt; Kassahun Zewdie; Mohammed Dawd; Lisanework Nigatu
The IPM CRSP parthenium project sought alternative control strategies against parthenium weed, including testing the leaf-feeding beetle, Zygogramma bicolorata (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) as a biological control agent after establishing standard quarantine rooms equipped with the necessary materials.
The main objectives were to maintain and multiply the introduced bioagent (Z.bicolorata); to evaluate the beetle extensively in enclosed quarantine conditions to determine the potential host plants in Ethiopia; and eventually release and monitor the insect in selected parthenium infested sites.