Masculinization of Nile tilapia with steroids: Alternate treatments and environmental effects

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W.M. Contreras-Sanchez; M.S. Fitzpatrick; R.H. Milston; C.B. Schreck

Type of Document:
Conference Proceeding or Document


Institute of Marine Research and University of Bergen

Date of Publication:

Place of Publication:
Bergen, Norway


Abstract: Steroid-treated food is widely used to masculinize tilapia. We have previously shown that short-term immersion in steroids can also masculinize Nile tilapia. In the following study, we determined that a single immersion of tilapia fry in Trenbolone Acetate for 3 hr on 12, 13, or 14 days post-fertilization (dpf) or multiple immersions in combinations of days between 12 and 15 dpf, can result in masculinization. However, effectiveness of immersion treatment varied between experiments, suggesting that sensitivity to treatment may differ between individual broods. We also found that the use of 17?-methyltestosterone (MT) treated food to masculinize Nile tilapia results in accumulation of MT in sediments even after cessation of treatment.

Additional Bibliographic Information

B. Norberg, O.S. Kjesbu, G.L. Taranger, E. Andersson, and S.O. Stefansson (Editors), Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on the Reproductive Physiology of Fish. Institute of Marine Research and University of Bergen, Bergen, pp. 250–252.

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