Masculinization of the native cichlid Tenhuayaca, Petenia splendida (Gunther, 1862), using Artemia nauplii as vehicle of the steroid 17-? methyltestosterone
Juan Manuel Vidal-Lopez; Carlos Alfonso alvarez-Gonzalez; Wilfrido Miguel Contreras-Sanchez; Ulises Hernandez-Vidal
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Abstract: At world-wide level the use of steroids to obtain all-male population in cichlids, has been widely used with the Objectives to avoid the reproduction process and to canalize the energy of the food in weight gain. In this sense, the application of steroids has been commonly through the artificial diets. Nevertheless, for some cichlid such as tenhuayaca or bay snook Petenia splendida, which is considered an appropriate species for aquaculture in the Southeastern of Mexico and Central America, the use of artificial diets during the larval period is not possible, for this reason the use of live preys is required which could be use as vehicle for the steroids. In the present study the production of all-male population was evaluated in P. splendida using Artemia nauplii as vehicle for the steroid 17-? methyltestosterone (MT). For this study the first feeding larvae were fed with Artemia nauplii with MT for 5, 10, 20, 28, 45 and 60 days of feeding, and a control treatment without MT. Significant differences were detected in the masculinization percentage and survival of the larvae fed for 60 days with MT using Artemia nauplii (96% and 85% respectively) compared with the control treatment where only 56% of males and a similar survival of 83% were obtained. For this reason, we conclude that the use Artemia nauplii as vehicle of MT is a suitable alternative to obtain all male production in P. splendida when larvae are feed for 60 days.