Michigan State University
Padjadjaran University (Bandung, Indonesia); Central American University (Managua, Nicaragua)
Ronnie S. Natawidjaja (Indonesia); Francisco J. Perez (Nicaragua)
This project investigated how transformations in the agrifood industry have affected small farmers’ access to markets and assets in Nicaragua and Indonesia. This project focused on the supply chain of mangoes and mangosteen in Indonesia and on “second floor cooperatives” in Nicaragua.