Overcoming Abiotic and Biotic Constraints to Yield, and Production of High-Quality Peanuts in West Africa and Texas
Texas A&M University
University of Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso); ISRA-CNRA (Senegal); Savanna Agricultural Research Institute (Ghana)
A successful outcome will result in being able to develop peanut varieties that are higher in quality and oil content, are tolerant to drought and foliar disease and thus having a high level of sustainable yield, and are developed in a short period of time by use of breeding techniques incorporating molecular markers. These new varieties would be successfully multiplied so that quantities of seed would reach the West African farmers within two years of release and there would be a sufficient quantity of seed available each year for planting. Capacity development will result in greater ability and independence in developing and applying technologies, and in greater opportunities for women in research.
1. Identify additional accessions with tolerance to drought and heat stress and early maturity, and use them to develop drought-tolerant varieties." 2. Develop and release early-maturing, high-quality peanuts that have improved flavor (Texas) and larger seeds that have higher value for the edible market (Ghana). 3. Develop peanuts with high oil content. 4. Combine high yield, early maturity, and leafspot resistance, and test fungicide applications for their effectiveness and costs. 5. Improvement of the seed release mechanism, multiplication of seed for varietal release, and distribution to farmers. 6. Develop and apply molecular markers for trait breeding. 7. Training. 8. Improve infrastructure in Burkina Faso.